It is as easy as it could be!
As a human being, The Earth literally provides the human everything to satisfy his or her needs. But have you ever thought about what you can give back to the Earth? Of all the veggies, fruits and organic ingredients you consume that is a given from the Earth, you can actually give back by a simple process called Composting.
What Exactly Is It?
Composting is basically decomposition. Compost is decayed organic material used as a fertilizer for growing plants. It is usually made from gathering plant material such as leaves, grass clippings, vegetable and fruit peelings, etc into a pile and then let it decompose as a result of the action of aerobic bacteria, fungi, and other organisms.
Composting can drastically cut out your household waste. About 40% of the content of your dustbin is suitable for composting. It also keeps organic material out of landfill where it would produce a major contributor to global warming, that is methane gas. In addition, composting improves the quality of the soil and reduces the need for chemical fertilizers and peat-based composts.
What Can Be Composted?
A wide range of kitchen waste can be included like fruits and vegetable peelings, eggshells, tea bags, and coffee grains. However cooked food isn’t recommendable as it could attract rats and other insects. Cardboard and its rolls can be quite good as it could add air to the heap which shall be essential for the microbes that degrade organic waste. Also, paper can also help to absorb liquid from rotting fruits and vegetable waste, which otherwise might make the heap too wet to produce crumbly compost. A good mixture of Green and brown waste is the key, green mixture inclusive of vegetables and fruit peelings, grass cuttings, tea bags, etc and brown of cardboard leaves, eggshells.
Use Backyard To Compost!
One of the most commonly preconceived notions regarding composting is that you are in need of a backyard to perform the process of the same. People think that apartment dwellers can not practice the process of composting. However, this is entirely a false conception. No matter where you abode, you can compost wherever you wish to, even in an apartment. The only thing required is that you research some things before you start.
Is It Easy To Compost?
The Larger cities are simply making it easier to practice the process of composting by the facilities they provide, for example either by offering pick-up services or hosting collection stalls at farm markets. Another way to compost is to call your zip code’s waste management department in order to know the organic matter that they could take in and if they compost on a commercial basis.
How To Do It?
Think of composting in two bits: the collection commencement (inside) and the dumping point (outside). Whether you live in a house or an apartment, the inside bin can look the same: a plastic or stainless steel is usually recommendable collection pail designated for the process of composting. This is also easily accessible in houses or stores nearby.
Look for one that’s easy to wash and doesn’t absorb any kind of odor as such, and allows for airflow. This will be where you’ll place your scraps after cooking or at the end of a meal. You shall then transfer the inside bin to the outside bin every third or fourth day depending on the quantity up to which it gets filled up. The bin kept on the outside can be of any size, albeit should not be any smaller than 3′ x 3′. The most important consideration you need to take into account is for your outdoor bin to construct it in a way that allows for constant airflow. This is the reason why the apple crates work well, due to the slight gaps in the wood that it entails. Recycled pallets would also work, as would a container with several small holes.
How To Make Sure That It’s Done Right?
The key to a successful compost is the right ratio between the browns and the greens. Remember right? Most people picture a compost that is full of pests and fly-ridden. However if done in the right way, it won’t be the scenario you commonly might visualize. The correct ratio should be two or three browns for every one part of the green. This tip is important in order to keep away the pests and as well as to ensure that there is enough stuff to break down without creating smell or bad odor.
After a few weeks, you might start to recognize that the bottom of the bin is crumbly soil and has an earthy smell. If you find the pile kind of dry, it is a sign that you need to add more greens, and of the same is too wet or slimy go on to add some browns.
When Is It Done?
The end is near when you see the compost is healthy, earthy soil-like. As you continue to add to and mix up your bin, within a few months depending on how much you have been adding every time, this should be the majority of what your bin shall consist of. The compost you achieve by all the mixing and adding, you can use finished compost as fertilizer in a garden, potting soil or simply give some love to Mother Earth and spread it around what’s growing in your neighborhood.
So try now to give it back to nature!!