PCOD and PCOS or Poly Cyst Ovarian Disease and Poly Cyst Ovarian Syndrome are two different ovarian-related conditions but both cause a hormonal disturbance in women. PCOD is a condition that affects women of their childbearing age.

It is responsible to cause small cysts in the ovaries of a woman’s uterus. Whereas in the condition of PCOS women have infrequent menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. Though they are both hormonal issues in the ovaries, there is much significant difference. 

It is important to understand the basic function of the ovaries present in the uterus. All the women have two ovaries that release eggs alternatively. Along with eggs these ovaries produce certain hormones that are responsible for many functions of the body like fertility, period schedule, facial hair, mood regulation, etc. 

What Is PCOD?

PCOD or Polycystic Ovarian Disease is the condition where ovaries in a woman release an amount of immature or partially mature eggs which eventually turn into cysts. The symptoms of this hormonal disorder include weight gain in the abdominal area, irregular periods, male pattern hair loss, and infertility. This problem also results in the enlargement of ovaries. The best treatment for PCOD is directly related to the reduction of the severity of its symptoms. 

What Is PCOS?

PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome is the condition where a woman’s ovaries produce higher levels of androgen than usual. As a result, the development and the release of eggs are highly interfered with. Some of these eggs develop into cysts and these little sacs get filled with liquid. Instead of escaping from the body during ovulation, these cysts get a build-up in the ovaries and at times even get enlarged. 

Difference Between PCOD And PCOS

Here are some major differences between PCOD and PCOS. 

1. The seriousness of the two

PCOD is not a serious issue and not a disease in itself. It can be cured with the right kind of diet and proper exercise. Whereas PCOS is a serious condition. 

2. Causative factors

PCOD is a mere imbalance in the hormones whereas PCOS is a disorder of the endocrine system. Causative factors also include genetics in both cases. 

3. Occurrence

PCOD is more common in comparison to PCOS. As much as one-third of the women around the globe suffer from PCOD whereas PCOS is not that common on the global level. 

4. Impact on pregnancy

As normal as it may sound, PCOD does not cause infertility in women and hence causes no hindrance in pregnancy. Research says that in about 80 percent of the cases, women can conceive with a little aid and can go for a smooth pregnancy.

On the other hand, women suffering from PCOS will have to face a few challenges due to hormonal imbalance in their way of conceiving a child. To get through conception, a woman should have a balanced hormonal cycle that is meant to create an environment for the ovum to release and infuse with the sperm post intercourse. Hence, due to an increase in androgen levels in the case of PCOS, a woman will have to go through some challenges to get pregnant. 

5. Symptoms

The symptoms of both the conditions are quite similar:

  1. Weight gain
  2. Acne problem
  3. Thinning of hair
  4. Excess hair growth on the face and chest area
  5. Abdominal pains
  6. Women who are PCOS stricken might develop diabetes in later stages of life or during pregnancy. They are also likely to suffer from high blood pressure, cholesterol, and fat deposit around the tummy. Though the problem of PCOS may run in the family, it is not necessary that you got it from your parents.

5. Precautions

  1. In both, cases of PCOD and PCOS maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding an unhealthy diet, exercising regularly, and following an unhealthy lifestyle have shown great results. Early diagnosis is very important so change in lifestyle and medication can be adopted at the right time.
  2. Being overweight is one of the crucial causes of PCOS. More weight means less insulin resistance.
  3. Maintain a healthy weight by avoiding bread, pasta, and white rice. Potatoes, sugar, and junk food should also be avoided.
  4. Stick to fruits, vegetables, pulses, and wholegrain fruit that have a low glycemic index.
  5. If you smoke, then quitting smoking will help to reduce vulnerability to PCOS.

Remember, no situation or health problem can be cured in panic. One must stay calm, eat healthily, and exercise regularly for a healthy function of the body. PCOS and PCOD are not severe diseases and can be cured.