We all are pretty familiar with the term diarrhea. It is a condition when you tend to have at least three loose, liquid, or watery stools daily. But explosive or severe diarrhea is a more adverse condition, where you have more than ten loose or watery stools in a single day. Sounds terrible, right? Explosive or watery diarrhea causes a person to move fluid or loose stool more regularly and violently than normal diarrhea. Explosive diarrhea happens as the rectum is filled with more liquid and gas than it can bear. This raises the loudness of the bowel movement while escaping. So, here’s all you need to know about and what to do when you encounter one.
Causes of Explosive Diarrhea
Explosive diarrhea can be caused by a variety of conditions, such as-
1. Viral Infections
Viral gastroenteritis happens as the infection infects the intestines, inducing watery vomiting coupled with other stomach signs such as cramping and nausea. Some of the most common viruses that can lead to such conditions include:
It is the most common reason for diarrhea around the globe. An estimated 40% of people suffering from diarrhea are infected by rotavirus, especially young children.
It is a highly contagious virus and is responsible for most foodborne diseases worldwide.
Although this type of virus is most commonly associated with the common cold, it could also lead to diarrhea that could last up to a whopping two weeks.
This virus tends to cause watery diarrhea among young children and adults with weak immune systems.
2. Bacterial Infections
Bacterial infections are also a major cause of explosive diarrhea. Some of the major bacteria that can lead to severe diarrhea include –
The Cholera outbreak is pretty familiar in many parts of the world. Cholera releases a toxin that causes the release of an increased amount of water from cells lining the intestines. This rise in water can trigger severe diarrhea. In more serious cases, severe dehydration may cause children and adults to die within a matter of hours.
This bacteria is a common cause of foodborne diseases. This bacteria species spreads through undercooked poultry and is found in unpasteurized milk and contaminated water.
Escherichia coli or E.coli can lead to a variety of conditions like respiratory illnesses, urinary tract infections, and gastrointestinal discomfort. It can spread through undercooked and raw food like ground meat, raw vegetables, sprouts, etc.
Salmonella infection is linked to contaminated food, especially raw and processed food such as meat, raw fish, eggs, chicken, etc.
3. Parasitic Infection
In places with limited exposure to safe water and sanitation, parasitic infections are a common and recurring cause of explosive diarrhea. Two specific forms of parasites may contribute to watery diarrhea. They are –
Giardia is an infection of the parasite Giardia lamblia in the small intestine. The most common transmission of the tiny worm is by polluted water supplies and bad hygiene. Besides inducing extreme diarrhea, it may also trigger stomach cramps and bloating.
Cryptosporidiosis, or "crypto," is triggered by microscopic parasites that invade the intestines. Crypto is especially prevalent among diaper-age children attending daycare, individuals bathing in or consuming polluted bodies of water (such as ponds or lakes), and those who frequently travel abroad.
Some people tend to be allergic or intolerant to certain foods. The most common example is lactose intolerance. If a person is intolerant to lactose-based products, they are prone to exploding diarrhea.
5. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
It is characterized by sudden and frequent bowel movements, loose stools, abdominal pain, discomfort, and gas. It can greatly contribute to irritable bowel syndrome
6. Medications and Antibiotics
Medications can cause mild diarrhea, but antibiotics and certain medications used to treat heartburn or chemotherapy drugs can lead to explosive diarrhea.
Treatment For Exploding Diarrhea
Treating diarrhea is not that difficult of a task. Just some basic measures, and you can get rid of it easily. Some at-home treatment options include –
- Drinking water and electrolytes is the main therapy for serious Diarrhea. Electrolytes are the minerals that conduct the energy the body requires to function effectively.
- It is advised to drink as many fluids as possible, like fruit juices, water, broths, low-sugar energy drinks, etc. Oral hydration products are primarily designed for babies and adolescents and contain essential electrolytes.
- If your stool is not black or bloody, and you don’t have a rash, you can use over-the-counter ( OTC) anti-diarrheal medicine. Such signs mean you might have a bacterial infection that would worsen by anti–diarrheal medications. The pharmacies are stocked with OTC medications to treat diarrhea.
- As much as you would hate it, consuming bland food during exploding diarrhea is suggested. Foods such as porridge, oatmeal, plain rice, or the BRAT diet(bananas, rice, apples, and toast) can help you get through it.
- If the situation gets worse, it is advised to consult your health practitioner for further treatment.
Also, Read Causes & Natural Cures of Diarrhea
Tips for Preventing Diarrhea
You can’t predict whether you might catch this disease or not. Therefore, you can adopt certain precautions to protect yourself and your family. Some of them include –
Two of the major causes of diarrhea, i.e., rotavirus and cholera, can be prevented through vaccination. While rotavirus vaccination is included in a child’s routine vaccination schedule itself, adults can opt for the cholera vaccine. The Cholera vaccine is recommended when you are frequently traveling.
Sanitation is the key. Most of the germs that can cause watery diarrhea spread through contaminated food and water, often due to unsanitary or unhygienic conditions. Drinking clean and filtered water, washing your hands after using the washroom, washing your hands after touching pets, and washing them before eating are the best ways to prevent infections that can contribute to explosive diarrhea.
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Wash all the fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consuming them, and also peel them if possible. Additionally, ensure that raw foods like meat and eggs are cooked correctly.
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Probiotics are good bacteria that can regulate the bacteria levels in your gut. Probiotics can offer protection against the diarrhea which is caused by antibiotics.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q1. Is Explosive Diarrhea Dangerous?
A. Explosive diarrhea may be a better term for the alarming evacuation your bowels can perform when something goes seriously wrong in your digestive tract.
Q2. How do you know when Diarrhea is Serious?
A. If you are having more than 6 stools a day, you should probably go see a doctor.
Q3. What does Explosive Bowel Movements mean?
A. Explosive, or severe, diarrhea causes a person to pass liquid or loose stool more frequently and forcefully than regular diarrhea. Explosive diarrhea occurs when the rectum fills with more liquid and gas than it can hold. Passing the stool is loud, due to the escaping gas.
Q4. Does IBS cause Explosive Diarrhea?
A. Yes, IBS-D can cause explosive diarrhea.
Q5. Is Explosive Diarrhea a Symptom of Covid?
A. Yes, it is one of the symptoms of covid.
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