What is Nausea? Nausea is an uneasy sensation in the stomach which includes the urge to vomit. Nausea is common and is usually not a matter of concern. However, if you are experiencing nausea too frequently or for a long period of time, it may symbolise a more serious underlying condition. In this article, we mention the probable causes of nausea, its treatment and prevention. Causes of nausea It is quite common and a variety of conditions may cause it. The common causes are: Stress When you feel stressed or anxious, your body releases hormones which makes you feel restless and nauseous. Pregnancy A part of ‘morning sickness’ in pregnancy, the exact cause of nausea during pregnancy is not known yet, but the pregnancy hormones and sensitivity of stomach are expected to have a connection to it. It is usually a symbol of a healthy pregnancy. Drug abuse Drugs affect the nervous system which stops it from functioning normally, inducing effects like vomiting. Drug abuses can be fatal. Motion sickness/ Sea sickness Nausea during motion or due to sea is caused by the imbalance of the ear, the eyes and the sensory receptors. It is quite unpleasant but isn’t life-threatening. Excessive alcohol Alcohol interferes in the normal working of the body and especially the stomach, which causes nausea. Excessive alcohol is also known to cause nausea by irritating the stomach lining. Gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD)/Acid reflux These conditions occur when the contents of the stomach travel backwards between the oesophagus and the throat. They cause conditions like heartburns. Binge eating Binge eating hampers the normal functioning of the stomach since the stomach has a limited capacity. It causes the food to rise up which induces nausea. Migraine/Vertigo Migraine or vertigo makes one feel restless which upsets the stomach and causes nausea. Intestinal blockage A blockage cuts off blood supply from parts of the intestine which causes effects like nausea and bloating. Unpleasant odour Strong or foul odours send signals to the brain which causes the cough and gag mechanism to work and thus, it occurs. Overactivity Overactivity hampers blood flow in the stomach and causes nausea. Side effects of medications Medicines such as NSAIDS irritate the lining of the stomach and causes nausea. It is also caused by the interaction of different medications or the inability to digest a medication. Certain allergies Some allergies cause nausea, especially allergies from food. Our immune system induces a protective mechanism against those foods which results in vomiting. Concussion Concussion affects body balance which induces nausea. Nausea resulting from these conditions should last a few hours and it usually heals on its own. If it lasts for more than 24 hours, medical supervision is advised. Nausea as a symptom Itcan also be a symptom of serious conditions such as: Ear infectionsHeart attackLiver problemsCertain forms of cancer like liver and intestinal Food poisoningIssues with organs such as gallbladder, kidney and pancreasStomach ulcersMeningitisBrain tumourDepression When should you visit the doctor? Some causes are extremely serious and need urgent medical attention. If you are experiencing nausea with any or all of the following symptoms, urgent medical attention is advised. Confusion, severe headache or stiff neckBlood in urineBreathing problemsBlurred visionSevere stomach ache Treatments It is treated by treating the underlying conditions. Normally, it can be treated easily by: Drinking enough fluidsEating light and easily digestible foodsHaving smaller but frequent mealsAvoiding exercises after eatingTaking antiemetics Home remedies to get rid of nausea Don’t want to rely on drugs? Here are some promising home remedies that will subside it instantly: Apply ice or something cold to the back of your neckBite onto a little piece of ginger and keep it in your mouthDrink chamomile teaMessage the inner part, two and a half inches of your wrist, in a circular motionTry CBD oil Prevention Prevention is always better than cure and thankfully, it can be prevented by taking simple steps like: Getting enough restExercising regularlyEating low fat and healthy foods Drinking enough waterMaintaining a proper postureAvoiding excessive stress In brief It is treatable and preventable unless it is occurring from a serious issue. Occasional nausea is very common and is absolutely harmless. Prolonged nausea is a symptom of serious conditions and requires medical supervision.