Urinary Incontinence: Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

3 min read

urinary incontinence
Anindita Bhuyan
Anindita Bhuyan, a graduate of BBA in International Business and a native of Assam. I crave to experience an odyssey and share that via words, that is where I have an eternal love for writing.

Is your bladder leaking sometimes? That does sound disgusting and gives constant tension. It always irritates us with the fact that what will happen if the bladder leaks when we are outdoors. 

Don’t you worry darling, it happens to every single girl at least once her life. This is nothing else but urinary incontinence.

What Is Urinary Incontinence? 

Urinary incontinence, in common language, is the loss of control over your bladder. It happens to both men and women. But studies say that women face it more often than compared to men. 

Urinary incontinence is not any sort of disease. It basically happens to almost all human beings due to some common reasons. 

Causes Of Urinary Incontinence In Female

There can be varied reasons to lose control over your own bladder. Here are simple and common reasons which may cause urinary incontinence.

Stress 

Coughing, sneezing or intense laughter can cause urinary incontinence. This is so common that it might be happening to someone while you are reading this page. 

Coughing, sneezing or intense laughter puts extra pressure on the bladder. This leads to bladder leaking. 

Pregnancy or recent birth

Pregnancy or recent childbirth is one of the major reasons for urinary incontinence. If that is the reason, then there is nothing to worry about. 

During this time your body will go through many changes. And gradually as time passes, your body will adapt and gain its controls back.

Diabetes or Parkinsons

Few diseases like Diabetes and Parkinsons’ can cause damage to the nerves along with the nerves that control the bladder. This will eventually lose control over your bladder.

Tumours 

Tumours in the uterus may cause some discomfort. It can be a tumour or can also be a cyst. A cyst usually reduces itself but it’s always better to consult a doctor. 

Kidney Problems

Every part of our body plays an important role in smoothly running our body. So does kidney. If you have any kidney problems, you will face urinary incontinence quite often. 

Excess Liquid Intake.

Too much of everything is bad. So is water or any kind of fluid. Drinking too much water will not harm you but will eventually lose your control over your bladder. 

Medicinal side effects

Almost all medicines have side effects. Out of those, there are some medicines that affect the nerves attached to the bladder. 

Age

As you grow old, you lose control over a lot of things. One of them is your bladder. You may not realize at first, but eventually, it happens. The nerves which control the bladder become weak and that creates the problem of leaking your bladder. 

Overflow

When there is an urgent need for a restroom or a toilet, but you don’t get one, then your bladder automatically loses it. It becomes unbearable for the bladder to hold the urine any longer. 

Sex

Frequent or excessive sex will lead to urinary incontinence. 

urinary incontinence

Symptoms of Urinary Incontinence

Pressure

When you sneeze, cough, or laugh intensely you put an external pressure over your bladder. This pressure suppresses the bladder and ultimately creates the bladder to leak.

Urge Incontinence

You will feel an urgent need to urinate. This indicates that you have to urinate quite often irrespective of day and night. Urge incontinence is primarily the result of diseases like diabetes. 

Overflow

Are you holding your urine for a long time? If your answer is positive, please don’t and change your habit of doing so. 

Do not punish your bladder. It will ultimately harm you in the long run. Urinate whenever you feel the urge to do so. 

Psychological Incontinence

Our mind has great powers. It controls 70% of our body functions. Sometimes, our mind runs the bladder too. 

You might have noticed this earlier that you lose control over your bladder right before you enter a washroom. This happens because of psychological incontinence.

Treatment Of Urinary Incontinence

Every problem has a solution. Here are a few solutions that will solve the problem of urinary incontinence that you are facing. 

Behavioural Therapy

Your behaviour can save you. There are various tips and tactics you can adopt which will help you to control your bladder. Drink limited water. 

Drink only the amount of liquid required by the body. Avoid caffeine. Doing so will also be beneficial for other health issues.

exercises for Urinary Incontinence

Exercises

There are exercises that will affect every part of your body. Special exercises or yoga postures will help you get rid of urinary incontinence. These exercises will focus on fundamentals and overall body functions. 

Medical Treatment

Our doctors are always ready to help regarding any health issues. These treatments are not much expensive but are very effective. There are two medical treatments for urinary continence.

  • Minor Operation: If you have a tumour or a cyst in the vagina, a minor operation has to be done. Please consult a doctor as soon as possible and take action for it.
  • Medicinal Treatment: Sometimes, urinary incontinence may be caused due to very simple reasons. This type of issue can be cured with one or two courses of medicines only. But before taking or consuming any type of medicine, please consult a doctor. Take medications only which has been prescribed by the doctor. 

Botox

Botox is an injection used for urinary leaks in the female. Botox reduces the activeness of an overactive bladder. But botox is not a permanent solution. 

The effectiveness of botox will remain approximately for a few months. Once its effects are gone, you have to inject it again. And this form of the act is repetitive. 

Self-care

Self-care is the best care and cure. Drink sufficient water and urinate at a regular interval of time or at least when you need to urinate. Practising to do so will gradually decrease the rate of urinary incontinence. 

Diet

diet to treat Urinary Incontinence

Diet is always the most important option related to your body. Never skip a healthy diet. Appropriate nutrition and vitamins will make your body function properly and smoothly.

Bottom line is, there is nothing much to worry about urinary continence. If you are facing or your loved ones are suffering, guide them on the above-mentioned treatments and stay healthy, happy, and strong.