What is Thrush? It is a medical condition in which a yeast-like fungus called Candida albicans is overgrown in the mouth, throat, or skin. It is the result of multiple factors including illness, pregnancy, medication, smoking, or dentures.
Not just in women, thrush is common in newborns and infants but is harmless. This yeast infection can be found in the mouth, digestive system, and skin of any healthy person. This candida fungus can cause diaper rash, genitals, inner thighs, mouth, or throat. While these are some of the major sports, they can also attack the places where skin overlaps such as the under breasts and the skin folds due to fatty tissues.
Thrush is the result of an overgrowth of the candida species of fungus in the mouth or throat is what causes an oral yeast infection. In major cases, this overgrown fungus is triggered to occur when a person experiences changes such as illness, pregnancy, new medication, or natural changes in the immune system. It is quite normal if your newborn develops thrush and not a major issue of concern. It is perceived to be serious if it brings along the symptoms of poor feeding or weight loss. One must pay a visit to a pediatrician if it lasts longer than a couple of weeks.
An average healthy adult doesn’t get thrush without having some risk factors. People with a weak immune system are most likely to get a fungal infection. Other risk factors include:
White coating or patches on the tongue, mouth, inner cheeks and back of the throat is sign of thrush. It looks like cottage cheese or milk curd. The lesions might be painful and bleed when scrapped. The tissue under that white patch is red, raw, and sore. Symptoms include:
In general, It is not contagious but there are some exceptions. There is a possibility of It being transferred to a mother’s breast through her breastfeeding infant. Oral thrush can also be transmitted through kissing or oral sex but the odds are quite less. It is an opportunistic infection and its development depends on the strength of your immune system.
Physicians tend to diagnose thrush by observing the white patch in the mouth. Scrapping may be done to ensure the presence of candida fungus. There is a chance of thrush being located down the throat in the esophagus that is diagnosed by endoscopy.
Thrush Treatment depends upon the causes and severity of the infection. If it is the result of factors such as antibiotics, smoking, ill-fitted dentures, or poorly controlled diabetes, then these factors must be corrected as a part of the treatment. Other than that, some anti-fungal medications along with medicated mouthwash must be used for treatment.
Here are a few home remedies to decrease the risk factor of thrush and also prevent its overgrowth:
Though thrush is not a major problem so do not panic. Make sure you can diagnose thrush especially in infants or newborns as they can not speak. For adults, follow good oral hygiene. It is a common infection so please do not panic and meet your doctor.