Sodium is a crucial electrolyte that transmits signals between the cells and helps the fluid within the cells. Having improper levels of sodium in the body can be worrying. Having too little sodium in the body (hyponatremia) is a condition where the body loses or retains an excessive amount of water which in turn affects the level of sodium in your body. This generally happens when your body fails to remove water normally as it should.
Do you want to know more about hyponatremia or low blood sodium in the body? In this article, you will find all about hyponatremia, it’s causes, symptoms and treatment.
Read on to find out!
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Hyponatremia is a scientific term for low sodium levels in the body. Hypo which means low and natremia which contains ‘Na’- the chemical symbol of sodium. It is a condition which occurs when the amount of sodium in the individual’s blood is lower than the normal level. In simple words, low blood sodium in the body. It happens when water and sodium levels are imbalanced or there is too much water or not enough sodium in your blood.
So, what’s the normal or appropriate level of sodium in your blood? A normal sodium level in your blood should be between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per litre. If the blood sodium level is less than 135 milliequivalents per litre, this might be a condition of hyponatremia. Your cells tend to swallow due to too much water in the blood and this can lead to many health problems, some can be mild and some can even be life-threatening.
Usually, if the hyponatremia is mild or the level of blood sodium is falling slowly, you might not feel symptoms. Symptoms are more likely to appear when your blood sodium levels suddenly rise or drop. However, the symptoms of low blood sodium can vary from person to person.
The symptoms are mostly neurologic. When your body loses sodium quickly, this can cause a lot of severe symptoms like unconsciousness, seizures, coma and sometimes a medical emergency.
Here are the symptoms of hyponatremia you should know about:
Mostly, hyponatremia gets severe when your blood sodium levels fall rapidly and abruptly. Medical care is essential for people who develop confusion, seizures, change in mental status or lethargy. If an individual is at risk of hyponatremia and symptoms are starting to show up, seek immediate medical care. If you experience vomiting, seizures and loss of consciousness, you should call the doctor immediately.
Hyponatremia happens when there are low blood sodium levels in the body. It may result in excess fluid in the body compared to the amount of sodium in the blood or it may be due to loss of sodium levels and fluids. So, what actually causes hyponatremia?
Here are some probable causes of hyponatremia or low blood sodium levels:
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This condition can happen to anyone but certain risk factors increase the chances of developing this condition:
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The treatment of hyponatremia depends on person to person. The doctor may prescribe urine and blood tests for diagnosis but your treatment will depend on the cause.
Here’s how you may prevent hyponatremia:
This was all about low sodium levels in the body or hyponatremia. Educate yourself and be aware of all the potential symptoms of hyponatremia. This way you might be able to prevent or treat it easily. Take an immediate doctor’s advice when you experience symptoms.