India is a country of 1.2 billion people, the second-most populous country in the world. A country of such an enormous mass needs healthcare provisions and facilities to ensure each resident gets a healthy life. The National Health Policy and National Health Mission is one such initiative by the Constitution of India to ensure a robust healthcare system in the country. The Ministry of Women and Child Development also initiated a number of schemes and programmes for women and children.
In addition to the healthcare schemes for the masses, the government regularly plans and implements specialized healthcare schemes meant for the women and children. These schemes aim at the growth and development of health and provision of nutritional facilities to children (infant to adolescent age group) and women across the country. Some of these government healthcare schemes include:
Pradhan Mantri Matritva Vandana Yojana
This scheme was introduced in the year 2010 and provides maternity benefits to mothers. It was implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. A situational transfer scheme for pregnant as well as lactating women (19 yrs and above), it caters to the provisions for the first live births. The scheme also compensates for the wage loss incurred by the women during childbirth processes.
Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan
Free antenatal services as well proper treatment to pregnant women is what this scheme provides. It caters to women from 3-6 months of pregnancy living in underprivileged conditions. The check-ups under this scheme is conducted at medical centers, government as well as private hospitals.
The Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports have introduced this scheme to promote good health and hygiene of women. Launched under “ Swachhagraha”, this scheme provides logistics and creates awareness on healthy sanitation and sanitary napkins to girls and women, especially in rural and urban areas.
Janani Suraksha Yojana
Implemented through the National Health Mission, the objective of this scheme is motivating all BPL, SC and ST Pregnant Women to deliver their babies in healthcare institutions. This scheme is implemented to raise awareness and prohibit maternal and infant deaths. Under this, women in urban areas are provided Rs 700 incentives, Rs 600 when they deliver through C-Section process and if in private institutions, they are given Rs 1500. For women delivering at home they are given Rs 500 incentives.
Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A)
This programme addresses the issues of mortality among women and children. Under this scheme, new initiatives like Score Card are introduced to track the health performance.
Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)
This scheme aims at an early detection and intervention of birth defects, deficiencies, illnesses, development and disability issues in children from birth up to 18 years. This scheme also works to prevent such issues for children.
Integrated Child Development Service
This service aims at providing and improving the nutrition and healthcare status of children (under age group 0-6 years). the scheme looks after the psychological, physical as well as social development of the child.
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls – SABLA
This is a centrally sponsored program launched in April 2011. The program aims at self-development, empowerment and providing nutritional benefits to adolescent girls. It also promotes awareness to girls about their health, hygiene, nutrition, adolescent reproductive as well as sexual health of the girls. Under the National Skill Development Program, the scheme imparts home-based skills, life skills as well as vocational skills to the girls.
Ujjwala New Scheme
This scheme aims at prevention of women and children trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. The scheme regularly organises workshops, public discourse and seminars in rural and urban areas to promote social awareness and through effective social mobilization and involvement of local communities, it aims at preventing trafficking. It also provides immediate as well as long term rehabilitation services to the victims by catering to their basic requirements.
This helpline initiated by the Indian Government aims at providing 24 hours immediate and emergency response to women. The helpline not only responses to emergency services by also is an information provider to women about various government schemes for women.
Working Women Hostel
It aims at providing convenient and safe accommodation for working women with daycare facilities for them. The Working Women Hostel Scheme is meant to promote the availability of secure and convenient accommodation facilities for working women who stay away from their families due to professional commitments.