Kidney infection is an infection caused by contamination in the urinary tract and further spreads to both kidneys. Women are more affected by it, with the disease being either sudden or chronic. These are too painful and can also be life-threatening if they are not treated immediately and thoroughly.
The signs of kidney infection generally arise two days after the disease in the urinary tract. Some of the symptoms of the same include:
If it is not treated immediately, the symptoms may worsen and lead to severe sepsis in the body.
The majority of these infections in women are caused by either bacteria or viruses which enter the kidneys through the urinary tract. One of the common bacteria that causes the disease is Escherichia coli (E. coli). This bacteria is present in the intestine and can pass on to the urinary tract through the urethral canal. After that, the bacteria in the urinary tract multiply and spread to the bladder and the kidneys.
Some other causes include:
Risk factors of kidney infection are:
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If there is bloody urine or if a woman suspects a kidney infection, it is essential to consult a doctor as soon as possible. One should also see a doctor if there is a UTI and symptoms of kidney infection shows up.
The treatment will depend on the severity of the disease itself. If the condition is a mild one, oral antibiotics are excellent. There would be antibiotic medicine for a bacterial infection that one generally needs to take for two to three weeks. The medical practitioner may also prescribe urine cultures for checking the recurrence of the disease later. If the infection is more serious, the doctor may prescribe an admission to the hospital to receive intravenous antibiotics and fluids. In some cases, surgery is required to correct any blockage a problematic shape in the urinary tract.
The patient will get better within a few days of taking the medicine. It is essential to complete the entire prescribed course of antibiotics to ensure a full recovery.
Improper treatment will lead to severe complications, like:
If a woman is pregnant and suffers from a kidney infection, there are chances of having a low-weight baby.
Kidney infections should be treated immediately and properly. If the woman is in good health, she will recover from a kidney infection fully and without any complications. One should consult a doctor at the first signs of the kidney infection to ensure immediate treatment. This will further reduce the risks of any complications from the infection.
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