UTIs can be extremely painful, and it can hamper normal life. But UTIs can be treated easily by a urologist or a general medical practitioner. Chronic pain in the urinary bladder that hinders life is known as Bladder Pain Syndrome or Interstitial Cystitis. It mostly affects women than men, and can greatly impact the quality of life. There is no permanent cure for it, and it can often be mistaken for any other disease like UTIs, endometriosis, and STIs.
The severity of the symptoms and response to treatment depends on a variety of factors. The urinary bladder stores the urine that is generated in the kidney, and once it is full and receives a signal from the brain, the sphincters that keep the bladder closed relaxes and urine passes through the urethra. It might often be mistaken for UTI which is caused by bacteria but the exact cause of IC isn’t known and is incurable and only treatment can bring relief from the pain and discomfort.
So if you are experiencing any of the following symptoms for more than 4-6 weeks, then it’s time to consult a doctor:
The exact cause is still not discovered but doctors believe that if an individual has a bladder infection, inflammation or ulceration, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), endometriosis, allergies, and fibromyalgia. So researchers believe it may be due to hereditary, nerve problem or an autoimmune reaction, but nothing conclusive isn’t known till now.
Since an exact cause is unknown, hence there is no one way to diagnose this syndrome. A number of tests might need to be performed to rule out other problems.
There is no universal treatment plan for all, various treatment methods and a combination of several treatments might be able to relieve some of the symptoms. The treatment options for bladder pain syndrome include:
Lifestyle changes can go a long way providing comfort:
Bladder Pain syndrome might not be fatal but if left untreated it can reduce the quality of life as one needs to constantly go to the toilet, and it ends up hampering your social and professional life. This creates problems in your sexual life and leads to low self-esteem and depression. Sleep disturbances can lead to other health problems. During pregnancy, the symptoms get worse and certain medications are also harmful to a pregnant woman. Talk to your doctor about the course of treatment. Painful bladder syndrome can greatly hamper your life, and you would need the support of your partner, family, and close friends. Many women are embarrassed to discuss the problem and seek treatment. Even with treatment there might be flare-ups and have to be continued for a long time.
Also Read: Overactive Bladder Home Remedies